Targets - Shooting Disciplines
There are many types of clay pigeon shooting the shooter to take part in
The main formats/disciplines of the sport are listed below.
World Sporting is an affordable cross between Fitasc and English
Sporting. Using up to 3 traps per stand, and shooting sequences
from the traps available in a similar way to compak sporting. On
a 100 target shoot between 10 and 13 stands will be used.
This system offers the clay shooter a far more realistic and
representation of targets as in Fitasc but at about half the
can be shot in the same time frame as normal English Sporting.
The main difference from standard English Sporting being the
to shoot reversed sequence report pairs and the ability to
select the best simultaneous pair/s on a three trap layout. This
creates a more
realistic sporting shoot as you rarely shoot the same target or
Backed up with the unique handicap pro system World Sporting
Pigeon Shooting offers the shooter a fairer chance of competing
their level and rewards those that improve or maintain their
standard of shooting.
Full details can be found on the main site
World Sporting Clay
Fitasc, the name is an acronym of Federation Internationale de
Tir Aux Sportives de Chasse. FITASC is an international form of
Sporting Clays and enjoys a following the world over. Many would
argue that it is the ultimate challenge in clay target shooting,
and a World or European title is the pinnacle of anyone's
Competitions are typically 100 targets made up of four rounds,
or "Parcours". Bigger events will have over 150 targets, whilst
the European and World Events are staged over 200 targets, 50
shot each day.
There are two variations in the format, known as "old system"
and "new system". The new system accommodates more shooters but
requires considerably more traps, whilst the old system is still
more favoured as the purest form of the sport.
The old system comprises five traps on a layout with three
different shooting positions. The positions are marked by a 1
metre diameter hop placed on the ground. A squad of six shooters
shoots the sequence of targets from Peg 1 and then moves on to
Peg 2, then Peg 3. The downside of this system is that only one
squad can be 'in action' on a particular layout at one time.
The new system will still have three or four shooting positions
on each layout, but each position will have its own set of
traps. This means that a squad can be shooting from each
position at the same time. This system allows more shooters to
compete in a day but costs are increased considerably. World and
European Championships will always be set on the new system with
a mandatory requirement for eight layouts or Parcours.
On arriving at the stand, the squad is shown the targets they
will shoot. The first shooter will shoot all their singles from
that stand and will then step off to allow the next shooter to
move forward. The doubles is then shot with shooter number 2
starting, number 1 having dropped to the last person to shoot.
On the next layout, number 3 shooter will lead off and so on.
This means that a different shooter starts each time. Double
targets can be simultaneous, on report or trailing, "raffael" in
On single targets, full use of the gun is allowed and a kill is
recorded whether the first or second shot breaks the target. For
the doubles, there is no requirement to fire one shot at each
target and a competitor may fire both barrels at one of the
targets if they wish. There is no penalty for doing so and the
target will be scored if broken with either shot.
In its early form, English Sporting usually presented the
shooter with two different targets. The targets used were
normally quartering targets, crossers, driven, overhead,
rabbits, springing teal amongst others the course creator might
feel is challenging. Today, As the most popular form of clay
shooting, English Sporting provides a shooting environment that
offers different layouts and a constant challenge.
The targets can be launched as singles or pairs. The pair would
consist either of one target, then the second being launched the
instant a shot is fired or both targets fired at the same time.
An average competition may comprise of around five stands used
to shoot around 30 targets. Differing variations allow more
targets and stands to be used and in a large competition there
may be as many as 12 different stands and 100 targets.
There is no set way of selecting stands and shooters can select
in a random order if they wish. However squadding is sometimes
popular with fixed shooting times, a pre-determined order
relates to what order stands should be used, this is used mainly
when shooting in large competitions. The shooter has an option
to call for the target with the gun in or out of their shoulder.
Compak Sporting allows all the usual targets from English and
International sporting to be combined into a competition that
can be shot in a small area. Set on a Skeet or Trap range, five
firing points are available, along with extra traps. These traps
can be differing types of target for example Rabbit or Springing
teal these are added to a combination of Horizontal Skeet
Shooter's change firing points every sequence of targets
throughout the 25 that makes up a round. Single/Double targets
are fired when the shooter calls with their gun out of their
As its name indicates, this is one of the disciplines which
forms part of the shooting programme at the Olympic Games. A
trench in front of the shooting stands conceals 15 traps
arranged in 5 groups of 3. Shooters take turns to shoot at a
target each, before moving in a clockwise direction to the next
stand in the line. Targets for each shooter are thrown
immediately upon his call and are randomly selected from any one
of the three traps directly in front of him/her. Olympic Trap
targets are set to travel 75 +/- one metre at varying elevations
and with a maximum horizontal angle of 45 degrees either side of
the centre line. Scoring is done of the basis of 1 point per
target killed, regardless of whether this is achieved with the
first or second barrel.
Ball Trap (ABT)
A simpler and cheaper to install variation of Olympic Trap where
only one trap is used and target variation is obtained by the
continuous oscillation of the trap in both horizontal and
vertical directions in order to give the same spread of targets
as in Olympic Trap. Similarly, the targets are also thrown to a
maximum of 70-75 metres.
Universal Trench uses five traps per layout set in a trench 8
metres long. The front of the trench is 15 metres from the front
shooting positions. Looking from the shooting points the
traps are numbered 1-5 from the left, with number 3 aligned with
the centre (no 3) station.
The traps must be spaced 1-1.25 metres apart. Five shooting positions,
1 metre square, are arranged in a straight line, with 1.5 metre
spaces between them. The targets are set to different angles and
trajectories according to official ‘schemes’ laid down by the
governing body. The maximum height (measured 10 metres from the
trap) is 3.5 metres, minimum 1.5 metres. In still air the
targets should fly a distance of 60-75 metres.
Traps 1 and 2 will always be set to throw targets angled to the
right, while 4 and 5 throw to the left. The centre trap 3 throws
a straight ahead bird, plus or minus up to 10 degrees according
to the scheme in use. The targets are thrown in random order but
programmed so that in a round of 25 each shooter will have shot
at all five traps from each shooting position, making it fair to
Down the Line
Targets are thrown to a distance of 45 to 50 metres at a fixed
height of approximately 2.75m and with a horizontal 'spread' of
up to 22 degrees either side of the centre line.
Each competitor shoots at a single target in turn, but without
moving from the stand until they have shot five targets. Then
they all move one place to the right, and continue to do so
until they have all completed a standard round of 25 targets.
Scoring of each target is 3 points for a first barrel kill, 2
points for a second barrel kill and 0 for a miss (maximum 75
points per round).
Variations of this discipline are: Single Barrel, Double Rise
and Handicap-by-Distance. Possibly the most popular entry level
discipline and competitors often go on to the most exacting
discipline of Olympic Trap.
In this discipline a standard round of 25 targets are shot from
7 stations in a semicircle.
At the ends of the semicircle are the High and Low trap houses
from which targets are released on a fixed trajectory and within
A set combination of singles and doubles are shot from each
station and scored on the basis of 1 point per target hit.
The gun position is optional (i.e. either pre-mounted or out of
the shoulder (gun down) when the target is called) and the
targets are released immediately upon the shooter's call.
Competitions consist of shooting 100 targets over 4 rounds.
The targets travel at a considerably faster speed than English
Skeet, and the release of the target can be delayed up to 3
seconds after calling and the gun-down position is compulsory.
There is also an eighth shooting station, midway between the two
More information on clay pigeon
History of Clay Pigeon Shooting
Clay Target types and Traps
Clay Shooting Disciplines